By Pamela K. Zachary
The Deer & dog finial, the cornerstone of the pattern,
showing superior glass craftsmanship.
Sometime around 1881, the Gillinder & Sons factory in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania introduced Deer and Dog AKA Frosted Dog or Deer, Dog and Hunter. The mold pattern is credited to John Putnam, who was the mold shop foreman. Large acid etched dogs are the finials for the covered pieces.
| These are example of extraordinary
glass work with the dog standing at full attention. Sometimes referred
to as a St. Bernard, retriever
or Newfoundland the finials have superior detail. In the plates & relish
dishes, his name is Barry.
One might suppose that with the attention to the Lewis & Clark Expedition, the artist may have the Newfoundland in mind for the finial model. Newfoundlands were a highly publicized members of that the Corp of Discovery which of course paved the way for Western expansion. Curiosity about the “West” was at full throttle during this time and the Gillinder factory provided homes with glassware full of images of the “Frontier” with patterns like Deer & Dog and Westward Ho along with other beautiful pattern glass.
This is not to be confused with the Fostoria St. Bernard which features a reclining St. Bernard as the finial or the Duncan Shell and Tassel which features reclining retrievers as the finials on the covered pieces.
Deer and Dog may be found plain and etched as shown in the photographs below.
Examples of the covered butter dishes in etched and plain. The covered butter dish and sugar bowl both have the dog finial. The etch on the butter dish shows running deer with dogs in pursuit without the hunter. Often the butter dish is misidentified as a low compote.
Two spooners - a plain one on the left and etched on the right.
A rare Table Set; cov'd butter, cov'd sugar, spooner & creamer were made plain as shown above and etched as shown on the butter dish above.
|The etched pieces use variations of Gillinder design No.14. The motif consists of both grazing and running deer, three variations of hunters all paired with a rather incongruous mixture of plant species. The use of the stencil varies from piece to piece from the deer and dogs with plants on the covered butter dishes, variations of the stencil with two different hunters used on the goblets and covered marmalade then a full stencil rendition used on the covered compotes. Interestingly, the constant pattern repeat on all the etched pieces are the plants. The varying images of the deer, dog and hunter are shown in the photographs. Deer and Dog uses variations of the etch on different pieces. The goblets and spooner have the deer on alert with the dog close to his master dressed in "gentleman" hunting wear.|
The consistent tie of all the covered pieces
is of course the dog finial.
The most difficult pieces to find are the marmalade with the dog finial cover (see at right) and the low covered bowls either plain (at left) or etched which are considered rare.
Previously, the covered bowls were only reported in the oval shape however two examples of round covered bowls have recently been discovered.
A 6-inch high standard covered compote
is also a new discovery.
|The three known sizes of pitchers, all of which have a reeded handle. On the left, a1 quart pitcher, in the middle a milk pitcher and the on the right is the 2 quart water pitcher. The milk pitcher is particularly rare.|
What a grand vision, three high standard round covered Deer & Dog compotes shown here in a previously undocumented 6-inch, 7-inch and an 8-1/4-inch. The etch on these pieces uses a complete scene of the hunter with his trusty canine in pursuit of the deer. This plays as an action scene as your eyes follow the etch around the base and lid.
|These are the 5 known sizes of stems in Deer & Dog - all engraved. From left to right: 1 - the "U" or bulbous goblet, 2 - "V" shaped goblet, 3 - champagne 5 1/2" tall, 4 - wine about 4" tall and cordial about 3" tall.|
|Deer & Dog goblets were made in two forms; U shape and V shape.|
Butter Dish with Cover
|More Reading on Gillinder and Sons:
Or email at:
“ Early American Pattern Glass-Second Edition,” by Darryl Reilly and Bill Jenks
“ Field Guide to Pattern Glass,” by Mollie Helen McCain
“ Gillinder Glass: The Story of A Company,” Wheaton Village, The Museum of American Glass, 1994 Gillinder Exhibition Catalog
“ Much More Early American Pattern Glass,” by Alice Hulett Metz
About the Author, Pamela K. Zachary
| I first discovered the Deer & Dog
Pattern in the early 1990’s
at a Newfoundland National Specialty. A good friend, and fellow Newfoundland
enthusiast, Ron Pemberton, displayed his massive Newfoundland Dog art
and memorabilia collection with members of the fancy steaming by after
the daily ring competition. I returned numerous times with my attention
honed in on an extensive exhibit of antique glass with a statuesque dog
adorning the covers.
Newfoundlands are not known as hunting dogs and would probably befriend the deer rather than hunt. The image in the etching is obviously more of a hunting or retriever dog. Like Ron, I saw the image of my beloved Newfoundlands in the glass figures regardless of the early artist’s intent.
Ron became my source for obtaining my first piece. Poor guy, I was relentless in trying to talk him out of some of his massive collection. We finally agreed on my first purchase when sadly Ron passed away.
Then circumstances changed my life. A serious accident left me disabled and ended my dog showing career. Unable to work in my job that I loved and devastated at the loss of an activity that filled most of my spare time, I fell (literally) into serious glass collecting. I began studying books and patterns and bought pieces of different patterns to identify - part for the love of the glass and part as pseudo rehabilitation.
I admire each piece for its beauty and wish only that they could share their life’s adventures. When you hold a 130 year old piece of glass you have to wonder how many places has it lived and how many families have loved it?
Display cabinets that previously held a few treasured pieces started to fill with vigilantly researched antiques. Still that first piece of Deer and Dog eluded me. Then, one afternoon, I was emailing with a very nice gentleman from whom I purchased two lovely pieces of Bird & Strawberry. He was moving and had 4 pieces of glass that he wanted to sell and asked if he could send me a picture to see if I was interested. I am sure the screech of delight was heard for miles when the picture opened and there were 4 pieces of Deer and Dog. I couldn’t get an email off fast enough with my “YES!”
Since then, I have accumulation a modestly respectable collection of 20 pieces and am daily on the hunt for that next “find.”
Thank you to Leonard Faichione for sharing pictures of his magnificent collection and to Ron Pemberton for introducing me to this beautiful glass. Safe trip over the Rainbow Bridge Ron!!!!